Hercegovina represents a geographical and historical region in the south of our country Bosnia and Herzegovina.
It is a historical region in the central part of Outer Dinarides, which is also the catchment area of river Neretva, and thereby joins the Adriatic Sea basin.
In geographical sense, region of Herzegovina is clearly defined and the border to Bosnia goes along the line Zavelim-Vran-Raduša-Bitovnja-Bjelašnica-Treskavica-Lelija-Zelengora-Volujak-Maglić.
Natural exit to the Adriatic Sea is positioned in area Neum-Klek which is also in Herzegovina.
Beside the geographical term, Herzegovina is condition of the soul. Throught the course of history is was the pulsating meeting point of the East and the West. Settling in this region, the man from the West tried to change the present state, while the man from the East was trying to achieve greater meaning by contemplation. Both felt like at home, because Herzegovina has an open heart for the World, which was her greatest feature through time.
A well known fact is that the name of our county, Bosnia and Herzegovina, is consisted of the names of two political and territorial units with separate historical and demografic features. The names belong to different origin and period.
The name Bosnia has hydrographic origin and it comes from the river Bosna, Bosina, Bosana and it is mentioned for the first time in written records in the middle of 10th century in the written work of Byzantine Emperor Konstantina Porfirogeneta „De Administrando imperio“.
The name Herzegovina is of more recent date and it is of anthropogenic origin. Herzegovina stands for historical and geographical region in the south of Bosnia and Herzegovina.
Thought history it changed name from Hum land, Zahumlje or Hum, till it finally got the name Herzegovina from Stjepan Vukčić Kosača.
In fact, during the Medieval Bosnian state in Hum state, power of great man was rising, and among them the most significant one was Stjepan Vukčić Kosača, who took the title of duke in the year 1448., and gives the name Herzegovina to the country he rules over.
Name Herzegovina was first documented in 1449.
Other sources state that name Herzegovina was mentioned for the first time in 1454 in letters of Bosnian bey, Isa-beg Ishaković.
 Bosnia, at the time, was located around upper and middle flow of river Bosna/Bosnia.
Peopling of this region dates to the distant past, even from the ancient history till now. Numerous archeological sites and buildings from different periods give testament to this.
Due to feudal relations which were preset during Middle ages contributed to development of rural communities. After the arrival of Ottomans to this regin, new political and social conditions contributed to urbanization. Turkish oriental culture and economic relations which were present in the Empire had a large impact on urbaniaztion in this period. Another important factor in development of the communities in this period was road infrastructure along which communities are formed. Aside from this, due to development of craftsmanship trading centers were forming.
With the arrival of Austro-Hungarians a new era of urbanization and industrialization begins. Train transportation is being developed which helped the development of trading centers of local importance. Throught this proces cities Jablanica and Čapljina, from the vally of Neretva, went through urbanization.
Development of the communities, espacially those of urban character, and contemporary architecture are progressing after the World War II, till this day.
Cities look different and have different buildings due to different beginings and development. In one city you can notice different neighborhoods which date from different periods.
Under most important cities in Hercegovina we can list: Mostar, Trebinje, Konjic, Stolac, Neum, Međugorje, Počitelj…
Mostar, “the city on river Neretva” is the biggest city in Herzegovina, and it is it’s economic, cultural and educational center. situated in the foothill of mountain Velež, in Mostar ravine and the vally of Neretva, at the average altitude of 59m.
The city got was named after an old, arched bridge above Neretva which dates from 16th century, and it was built by Mimar Hajrudin. The bridge was distroyes during the war, and it was rebuilt in 2004. in it’s full glory and shine. The Old Bridge is the first monument from Bosnia and Herzegovina listed on UNESCo World Heritage Sites.
Mostar is mentioned for the first time in 1452. as a settlement on Neretva. The city was established by Ottomans right where the road from the Adriatic Sea was passing the river. The oldest parts of Mostar kept their architectural trades of the Ottoman period. During the Austrohungarian periodmost of todays Mostar was built as a ring arround primarely built core of the city. After the Second World War , the new part of Mostar was built in the manner of modern architecture. Mostar, in its urban composition has trades of oriental, middle European and contemporary.
Mostar is an exquisite city, his beauty is far greater than the Old Bridge; While the walk through Mostar is a walk through the past. His ancient walls tell the eternal story of the old times.
Today, Mostar is a city in transition, and its current struggle of maintaining its identity as a multiethnic community is truly an inspiration for the future.
The most important tourist attractions of Mostar: Old Town with the Old Bridge, Karađozbegova mosque, Franciscan Church with the highest bell tower in Bosnia and Herzegovina, Bišćevića alley with the famous Turkish house, historical area Brankovac, with houses and courtyards of old Mostar family built in the Ottoman style, old village Blagaj with the source of the river Buna and the famous Blagaj Tekke and the old town of the founder of Herzegovina duke Stjepan Kosača, Nature Park “Ruište” on the mountain Prenj, nature reserve “Diva Grabovica” house of Aleksa Santic, great author, Museum of Herzegovina, Partisan cemetery in Mostar.
Blagaj is an inhabited town which belongs to the minicipality of Mostar and it is located 12 km south east of Mostar. Below the town the spring of river Buna is located. Beneath the cliffs higher than several hundered meters river Buna starts its journey. the capacity of the spring is 43 cubic meters per secondand it represents one of the strongest karst waters in Europe.
Spring of river buna is a protected nature resort. beside the spring itself there is a famous Sufi Tekke which represents a significant cutural monument from the early Ottoman period. This is the place there member of the Sufi order conduct, till this day, zikr (prise to the Lord). The Tekke was established soon after the fall of Herzegovina under the Ottoman rule in 1446.
Tekke in Blagaj belonged to different Sufi orders, first to Bektasi order, than to Khatwati order, and later to Qadariyya order . today it is led by Vekil, person who is representing the teacher- sheikh, from Naqshibandi order. The Tekke was reconstructed several times, but in the year 2012. its authentic look was brought back to it. The main stakeholder of the reconstruction of the 600 year old Tekke was the Islamic Community in Bosnia and Herzegovina, and Turkish Agency Fidan Torus invested the money which was need for the reconstruction. Because of this, the Tekke was given to them for use in next 33 years. Beside the Tekke, it is worth mentioning Blagaj’s Stronghold ili Stjepangrad, which represents a separate teritorial unit from the rest of the town. The Stronghold was built on a high, unapproachable cliff, on the altitude of 310m above the sea level, and 266m above the spring of river Buna.
Boračko lake s a natural lake and according to its hypsometric position on altitude of 404m belongs to the group of mountain lakes. It is located on the northeast side of mountain Prenj, 20 km from Konjic.
By its origin the lake is undoubtedly a postglacial Holocene creation. Boracko lake gets its water from Boračko stream, but it loses water in river Šištica whose valley is 3 km long and it finishes it’s flow in Neretva with a waterfall 26m high.
Boračko lake is favorite resort for local, but also foreign tourists. Pleasant for swimming, relaxation and recreation, but also it is a true paradise for hunter and fisherman. Right next to the lake, you can camp and light a barbecue.