Sarajevo, with four municipalities in its composition, the Old City, Center, New City and New Sarajevo, represents population of around half a milion city. It is the capital city, economic, cultural and administrative center of Bosnia nad Herzegovina. Sarajevo is located in the south-eastern part of Sarajevo-Zenica basin and the eastern part of Sarajevo plain, where the old caravan route from the the highlands passed to the south-east of the ravine.
Sarajevo, the city in which the archduke Franz Ferdinand and his pregnent wife were killed; this event was the reason why Austia declared war on Serbia which included almost the whole world. Sarajevo, the city that hosted the 14th Winter Olympic Games in 1984, in which 2691 athletes from 49 countries of the world participated. Games were proclaimed the best organized until then, according to estimates accompanied by the 2.5 billion people around the world. Games were proclaimed as the best organized until that time, and according to estimates they were accompanied by the 2.5 billion people around the world. Sarajevo, a city that has throughout its existence constantly emanated its uniqueness in the world of multinationality, multiculturalism and multi-religious orientation and courtesy.
It is a city that historically was a pulsating meeting point of East and West, and it is rightfully called the most eastern point of the West and the most western point of the East. Unfortunately, it is the city all over the world known for the tragic events from the last century and utterly hostile environment for four years, day and night in the brutal shelling that killed about 12,000 people of Sarajevo, of which 1,600 were children.
Baščaršija means the main square. Far before the arrival of the Ottomans to the territory of future Sarajevo, in this area were widely known trading centers. By the arrival of the Ottoman empire it becomes one of the strongest trading and craft centers of the Balkans, the bazaar is built in the Arabic manner, consisting of spacious parcels linked by the cluster of narrow streets. Trough Baščaršija gravitated around forty different bazaars which were named after the crafts that were developing during that period. Even today, most of them are carrying these names: Bravadžiluk (locksmiths), Sarači (saddlers), Abadžiluk (dressmaker), Kujundžiluk (Silversmiths), Kazandžiluk (coppersmith)…
The credits for the beauty of this part of Sarajevo go to the Waqf- institution for public endowment. According to Islamic tradition, the richness of which man gain in life should be shared with those who have none. So rich people were always giving part of their estate, and sometimes all they had acquired, by investing in the welfare of the people and to the building of public goods. One of those goods is also the Gazi Husrev Bey’s Mosque from the 16th century- the most impressive sacred Islamic building in the Balkans. It gives a special appearance to the Baščaršija.