Tuzla- (8)
Tuzla is located in Tuzla basin and the southeastern slopes of Mount Majevica, in the valley of the river Jala and Solina. It represents the economic, cultural and administrative center of Tuzla Canton.

In written sources Tuzla was first mentioned in the work of the Byzantine emperor and historian Constantine Porphyrogenitus’ De Administrando Imperio “from the mid-10th century, when the town was named Salines and its wider area Salts.

The present name of the city comes from the Turkish word “tuz” which means “salt” and the settlement of Tuzla has always been related to the rich sources of salt water, and Tuzla itself has always been characteristic because of salt exploitation, and therefore it is no surprise that it is called “town on a grain of salt”.

The city is situated at an altitude of 239, covering an area of about 15 square kilometers. Population of Tuzla in 2005 was 88,521, according to the Agency for Statistics. Tuzla is therefore the third largest city in the country by its population. Tuzla is the most developed economic centre of the region, has developed into a modern mining industry and university center. It has a very modern developed salt factory which was founded in 1884, and the chemical industry is located in the neighbouring town, Lukavac.

Tuzla is the only city in Europe that has a salt lake and the only city in the world whose salt lake and the beach located in the city center.

When, few million years ago, the Pannonian Sea withdrew from the large parta of European soil, under Tuzla it left behind tons of salt rocks.

Thanks to this natural heritage, and with the support of local experts, salty water is brought to the surface and in 2003 turned into Pannonian Lake – the lake which has mineral-rich salty water, which is directly pumped from the underground deposits of rock salt.

Tuzla Gate is located near the Square, which in the past represented the gates of the city, and in modern times is a favourite gathering place for young people. Today the gate known because on the 25th May 1995 aggressor killed 72 young people and hundreds were wounded with a shell. At the Gate there is a memorial which reminds and warns future generations about lost Tuzla youth and verses of the poet Mak Dizdar printed on this panel indicate the spirit and fortitude of Tuzla.

Here we don’t live just to live
Here we don’t live just to die
Here we die
So that we can live

 
 
In the old part of the city some very important cultural and historical monuments are preserved, and some of them are: Turalibey’s mosque, Hadji-Hasan’s or Carsija mosque, Behram Bey’s or Atik mosque, Orthodox church, The Franciscan monastery, The Chapel, etc.